In and Out
An interactive visualisation of disadvantage at a community-level in Australia
This interactive visualisation is an extension of the report Spatial and Community Dimensions of Income Poverty (Payne and Samarage, 2020) developed as part of the Breaking Down Barriers research series by the Melbourne Institute into understanding and overcoming disadvantage. This interactive visualisation has been created based on analysis, conducted at a community level, using Australian Census data of individuals and households.
This page visually depicts the classification of communities in Australia based on national poverty rankings over a five year or ten year period to 2016, the year of the last Australian Census. The Sankey diagram (below) depicts transitions of communities, over a select time period, which have shown an increase in the number of households experiencing poverty (red); a decrease in the number of households experiencing poverty (green); or no change in the number of households experiencing poverty (blue).
NOTE: For best viewing experience, please view this webpage on a desktop computer using either Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome.
About this visualisation
For more information about this visualisation including instructions on how to use this visualisation, please click on the button below.
How to use this visualisation
1. Select the time period of analysis. Start by using the top-level buttons to select the time period for analysis. This allows for classification of communities based on the change in ranking over a five year period (2011-2016) or a ten year period (2006-2016) to 2016. The default option when this page is loaded is a ten year transition (10-year transition).
2. Select the quintile for poverty rankings. Use the Sankey diagram to select communities classified according to a specific quintile ranking at the start of the time period or at the end. This can be done by clicking on the grey boxes on either side of the Sankey diagram. Once selected, the map and table containing insights about socio-demographic data for the selected communities are updated. The default option when this page is loaded is Top 20% across the time period.
3. Interact with the map. Use the map to zoom in to see which communities are classified under the selections made in Steps 1 and 2. The mouse pointer can be used to hover over and identify the name of a community. Reset the view of the map by clicking on the Refresh page option in your web browser.
4. Observe changes in socio-demographic data. Use the data insights table to see differences in key socio-demographics across the selected communities.
5. Select the state for analysis. Use the buttons below the time period buttons to select the geographic region for data insights across the selected communities. The rankings are always conducted at the national level. The default option when this page is loaded is All of Australia.
This interactive visualisation is an extension of the analyses and data in Payne and Samarage (2020, Spatial and Community Dimensions of Income Poverty), a report for the Breaking Down Barriers research series into understanding and overcoming disadvantage being undertaken by the Melbourne Institute. This report analyses cross-sectional data from the Australian Census of Population and Housing (ABS) for census years 2006, 2011 and 2016. Aggregate data at a community level were analysed to derived localised poverty rates for all of Australia. This visualisation shows overall poverty i.e. households where the household income is less than 60% of the median household equivalised income. Communities are classified by their ranking in the distribution of communities according to households in poverty within a community. Aggregate income data for households with single persons, single-parent families, couples with and without children were considered in the analysis. Communities depicted in a darker shade of grey denote communities that were removed from analysis due to limited data/counts. For more information on the data and subsequent analyses, please refer to the report cited above.
Breaking Down Barriers
Breaking Down Barriers is a research series into understanding and overcoming disadvantage being undertaken by the Melbourne Institute. For more information please visit Breaking Down Barriers.
© Copyright 2020 Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research, The University of Melbourne. Data preparation, analytics and interactive visualisation provided by MI staff and the MI Data & Analytics team.