Does Labour Market Achievement Matter for the Wellbeing of Australian Immigrants? Culture and Gender Differences

Melbourne Institute Working Paper No. 21/09

Date: July 2009


Weiping Kostenko


This study explores the Australian immigrants’ job-life relationship by simultaneously estimating a bivariate ordered probit random effects panel model. We found that discrepancy between career goal and employment reality plays a central role. The study also explores the characteristics related to immigrants who are likely to have stronger job concerns. Non-western male immigrants are among them. They are more disadvantaged in the labour market and have lower life satisfaction compared to their Western counterparts, while these situations improve with duration in Australia. Also, immigration age is found crucial for this adjustment process. For female immigrants, the results suggest that the well-educated female migrants’ subjective wellbeing is impeded by struggling over work-family balance.

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