Economic Policy Uncertainty and Unemployment in the United States: A Nonlinear Approach

Melbourne Institute Working Paper No. 02/17

Date: 2017

Author(s):

Giovanni Caggiano
Efrem Castelnuovo
Juan Manuel Figueres

Abstract

We model U.S. post-WWII monthly data with a Smooth Transition VAR model and study the effects of an unanticipated increase in economic policy uncertainty on unemployment in recessions and expansions. We find the response of unemployment to be statistically and economically larger in recessions. A state-contingent forecast error variance decomposition analysis confirms that the contribution of EPU shocks to the volatility of unemployment at business cycle frequencies is markedly larger in recessions.